When any product is made it needs to be transported to the consumer in the safest way possible so that it doesn’t get damaged and reaches its destination in the same condition that it was made in. To effectively carry out this process; pallets are used to stack, store and transport the material while they are being moved by machinery such as forklifts and conveyors or being stored in racks or being placed in the vehicles that are transporting them. Most commonly, pallets are used as a base for unit loads which include goods being situated on top go the pallet and being fortified using different kinds of wrapping or adhesive. These horizontal platforms act as the base and protect the product that is placed on top of it and increase the efficiency of the transport as opposed to the goods being loosely stacked. One of the main advantages of using pallets for shipping goods is that they make the transport a lot easier as shippers don’t have to worry about many objects as the smaller goods are stacked on top of a single pallet. This also protects them from damage as the universal size of the pallets allows the forklift or other machines to lift them with ease. They are also stronger than other options such as cardboard boxes and multiple heavy objects can be placed on a single one without any worry of it breaking. The pallets also keep the goods at a higher level from the ground and effectively guard against any water that is standing as well as debris and dust. They can also be reused many times; going back and forth between the buyer and manufacturer and if you buy wooden pallets you can also send them to be recycled. Although they are strong, pallets are comparatively lightweight and don’t take up much space. Workers can easily carry them and store them in a tall stack that will not take up much floor space. Most of the materials used in making pallets can be recycled and if you buy wooden pallets they can be disassembled and used as firewood or in construction.
While choosing pallets to use for shipments there are many things that have to be taken into consideration:
- You can choose between reusable pallets or single use ones. Pallets that can be reused help in decreasing costs as well as the detrimental impact on the environment as opposed to the ones that are discarded after one use. Also, buying pallets that are of a higher quality last much longer than cheaper ones.
- Choosing the right pallet material. The wooden pallet is the most popular option on the market as it is inexpensive and can be made into many different sizes. Plastic pallets are also preferred due to the ease with which they can be cleaned. Metal and paper pallets are also available depending on the requirements of the supplier.
- The choice between block or stringer. Block pallets allow more options for entry for equipment used to lift them. There is also the option of using a two-way stringer or a four-way stringer pallet.
- There are also different pallet styles and sizes available such as reversible or non-reversible.
One of the most important decisions that a supplier makes while buying pallets is whether to buy wooden pallets or plastic pallets. Plastic pallets are mostly used in the food industry for fresh and frozen food or for products that require a high level of hygiene as they are easier to wash and sterilize. However, they are much more expensive than wooden pallets and their sleek surface makes them a less stable option for stacking goods. Plastic pallets are also harder to repair but can be melted to be recycled and last longer than their wooden counterpart. One of the main advantages of using them is that they are great for storage in warehouses and can be easily used on wrapping machines. Wooden pallets are a cheaper option that is also more widely used as they can hold more weight as compared to plastic ones and can also be easily repaired and recycled. However, fragile items cannot be transported on them as the fasteners used in these pallets can actually damage the goods. They also provide less fire safety. Suppliers can decide on which type of pallet they want depending upon the industry and products for which they are required.